The so-called CLP regulation, namely the Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures entered into force on 20 January, 2009 and is based on the GHS – Globally Harmonized System of the United Nations. CLP refers to Classification, Labellingand Packaging.
The CLP Regulation provides information on the dangers of chemicalsubstances for the employees and consumers in the European Union.
The CLP Regulation is obligatory in the member states of the European Union.
This regulation replaces two previous regulations: the first was on the dangerous materials and the second was on the dangerous preparations. Until 2015 there was atransitional period for the fulfillment of the criteria.
After 1 June 2015, the classification and labellingof mixturesshall happen in accordance with the specifications of the Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 exclusively, that requires updating safety data sheets.
Targets of the regulation:
- Harmonizing the classification, labelling and packaging of the substances and mixtures.
- Classification of own substances and mixtures should be prepared by the companies themselves, furthermore companies should notify on their classification whether the substance or mixture is considered dangerous or not.
- Establishing a classification and labelling register, according to the notifications and harmonized classifications.
The regulation contains several new obligations for the users/distributors/manufacturers of the chemical substances:
- They should indicate new phrases: there should be H phrases for hazard warnings, while for precautionary statements there should be P phrases.
- There should be ’new danger’ icons indicated on the labels
- The new type of labelling should be notified to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Coverage of the CLP:
Classification requirements shall be applied to the distributed substances and mixtures. Substances of 1 ton per year and which are in pilot phase shall also be registered.Labelling and packaging requirements shall be applied to dangerous substances and products. The manufacturers and importers of these substances shall comply with their CLP notification and registration obligations to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) via REACH-IT.
In most cases, suppliers should decide on the classification of a certain substance or mixture. It is called voluntary classification.Classification shall be supervised if- in accordance with the regulations on dangerous substances – the substance had been classified before 1 December 2010, and if – in accordance with the regulations on dangerous products – the mixture had been classified before 1 June 2015.
In some cases harmonizing the classificationof substances (community decision) is necessary in order to provide an appropriate risk assessment in every member state of the EU. Generally, it is necessary for the most dangerous substances, such as carcinogenic, mutagenic substances, substances which are toxic for reproduction, respiratory sensitizers, biocidal substances or plant protection products. Harmonized classification is compulsory to apply by the suppliers.
In the case the substance has been classified dangerous, or above a certain threshold level the mixture contains one or more substances which had previously been classified dangerous, before distribution, suppliers shall label the substances or mixtures in accordance with CLP regulations. CLP sets the content, the language and the layout of the label.
- to make a CLP regulatory compliance audit
- to provide professional supportin interpreting and fulfilling the requirements of the regulations
- to organize professional trainings related to CLP
- to provide supporting software for fulfilling regulatory requirements
- to prepare label drafts
- to prepare packaging instructions
- the full implementation of the CLP notification